Test Overview

Test Methodology

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with capillary electrophoresis

Test Usage

Lymphoproliferative disorders are often characterized by an expansion of the lymphocyte populations. The distinction of benign from malignant proliferations can be accomplished by the integration of clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular genetic studies. With regard to molecular studies, an evaluation for the presence of a T-cell population with monoclonal rearrangement of the T-cell receptor gamma locus can provide adjunctive information to support a final diagnosis. These studies are based on the premise that all cells of a malignant lymphoid population have a common, clonal origin and therefore are expected to contain T-cell receptor genes rearranged in exactly the same configuration. Accordingly, demonstration of monoclonality is indicative of the presence of a monoclonal T-cell population and polyclonality is indicative of a polyclonal population. The clinical implications of these results must be interpreted in the context of the individual patient’s clinicopathologic presentation.

Reference Range*

Interpretive report provided.

* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.

Test Limitations

A negative result does not exclude a T cell neoplasm. This assay is sensitive to a level of approximately 15% clonal lymphocytes. Factors such as uncommon rearrangements may also result in false negative results. Higher sensitivity may be obtained by ordering both TRG and TRB gene rearrangement studies. A positive result is not synonymous with neoplasia or specific to neoplasms of T cell origin. Clinicopathologic correlation with gene rearrangement results is required. Insufficient cellular content may result in an inadequate result.

Test Details

Days Test Performed

Monday - Friday

Analytic Time

3 - 10 days

Soft Order Code


MiChart Code

T Cell Clonality- TRG Gene Rearrangement



Gene Rearrangement, TCRgamma
T Cell Gene Rearrangement
Gene Rearrangement, T Cell
TCR Gamma GR by PCR (TRG by PCR)
Gene Rearrangement, T-Cell
T Cell Gamma Gene Rearrangement
TRG Gene Rearrangement
TCRgamma Gene Rearrangement
T-Cell Clonality
T cell antigen receptor, gamma, Gene Rearrangement

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Molecular Diagnostics

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Specimen Requirements

Offsite Collection Instructions

Collect blood or bone marrow in a lavender top tube. Refrigerate and send intact blood or bone marrow specimen within 48 hours of collection. Fresh tissue (preferably 0.5cm3, sent in RPMI) and fresh aspirates or body fluids are acceptable. Refrigerate and send, preferably within 24 hours. Frozen tissue specimens – preferably frozen with 1 hour of collection – may also be sent frozen on dry ice. Fresh cell suspensions in RPMI should be refrigerated and sent, preferably within 48 hours. Frozen cell suspensions – preferably frozen with 1 hour of collection – may also be sent frozen on dry ice. For formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue, a tissue block is preferred. Unstained, UNBAKED slides (5-8, 10-micron slides; 10-15 if few neoplastic cells are present) with associated H&E stained slide are also acceptable. Decalcified tissue or other fixatives will be accepted and the assay attempted, however these may result in failed testing due to degraded nucleic acid. Both blocks and slides should be stored at room temperature.


Lavender Top Tube

Normal Volume

5 mL EDTA (lavender) whole blood; 3 mL EDTA (lavender) bone marrow; Fresh/frozen tissue and fresh aspirates or body fluids; Fresh/frozen cells in RPMI; Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Extracted DNA is also acceptable if extracted in a CLIA certified laboratory.

Additional Information

By ordering this test the clinician acknowledges that informed consent has been obtained from the patient as required by applicable state or federal laws and the ordering clinician has authorization from the patient permitting MLabs to report the test results to the ordering clinician. Test includes pathologist interpretation of results billed as a separate additional charge. This test is not available without interpretation.

Billing Information

Fee Codes

CPT Code


New York State Approved


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