Test Overview
Test Methodology

Reverse transcription followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with detection by capillary electrophoresis.

Test Usage

Synovial sarcoma is characterized by the t(X;18)(p11;q11) translocation which occurs in over 90% of cases regardless of histologic subtype. This rearrangement leads to fusion of the SYT (SS18) gene on chromosome 18 with one of several closely related SSX genes located on the X chromosome. Approximately two-thirds of fusions are SYT/SSX1 and one-third SYT/SSX2. Other fusions are rare. Because of their high specificity and prevalence, SYT/SSX fusion transcripts are highly sensitive diagnostic markers for synovial sarcoma. Testing can aid in the differential diagnosis of synovial sarcoma, especially in tumors with unusual histologic or clinical presentations. This test qualitatively detects the SYT/SSX1 and SYT/SSX2 fusion transcripts in fresh/frozen or formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues.

Reference Range *

Interpretive report provided. The specific fusion transcript type is reported with a positive test result.

Test Details
Days Set Up
Monday - Thursday
Analytic Time

2 - 7 days

Soft Order Code
SYT
MiChart Code
SYT/SSX Translocation (Synovial Sarcoma) by PCR
Synonyms
  • Synovial Sarcoma Translocation Detection
  • SYTSSX Translocation Assay
  • SYTSSX
  • SYT-SSX
  • SSX Xp11
  • SYT 18q11
  • SYTSSXS
  • SYT
  • SYTSSX Translocation
  • MLABEL
  • t(X;18) Translocation
Laboratory
Molecular Diagnostics
Section
Molecular Diagnostics
Specimen Requirements
Collection Instructions

A formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue block containing an area with a high percentage of neoplastic cells (for micro-/macro-dissection) is preferred. Unstained, UNBAKED slides (5-8, 10-micron slides; 10-15 if few neoplastic cells are present) with associated H&E stained slide are also acceptable. Decalcified tissue or other fixatives will be accepted and the assay attempted, however these may result in failed testing due to degraded nucleic acid. Both blocks and slides should be stored at room temperature.

Alternate Specimen
Previously extracted RNA may also be accepted.
Normal Volume
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Extracted RNA is also acceptable if extracted in a CLIA certified laboratory.
Additional Information

By ordering this test the clinician acknowledges that informed consent has been obtained from the patient as required by applicable state or federal laws and the ordering clinician has authorization from the patient permitting MLabs to report the test results to the ordering clinician. Test includes pathologist interpretation of results billed as a separate additional charge. This test is not available without interpretation.

Billing
CPT Code
81401 x2
Fee Code
NA075, NA076
Pro Fee CPT
G0452-26
LOINC
21825-5
NY State Approved
No