Protein S Activity, P
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Clot-based endpoint assay.
Second order testing for diagnosis of congenital or acquired protein S deficiency, for example, as an adjunct to initial testing based on results of free protein S antigen assay (PSAGF). Evaluating patients with a history of venous thromboembolism.
ADULT: Male: 75 - 140%; Female: 55 - 125%. There are insufficient data concerning protein S activity in neonates, infants, and children, but normal or near normal activity (>= 50%) probably is present by age 3 to 6 months.
Collect specimen in a blue top (citrate 3.2%) tube. Mix by inversion. Specimen should arrive at lab within 3 hours of collection; transport at room temperature. Alternatively, centrifuge, aliquot plasma into a plastic vial, and freeze the specimen within 4 hours of collection. Transport frozen specimen on dry ice. Collection of the blood through lines that have been previously flushed with heparin should be avoided. If the blood must be drawn through a VAD (vascular access device), the line should be flushed with 5 mL of saline and the first 5 mL of blood or six dead space volumes of the VAD discarded.