Test Overview

Test Methodology

HPLC, Electrochemistry, Fluorescence

Test Usage

CSF Neopterin/Tetrahydrobiopterin is useful for diagnosis of certain disorders of neurotransmitter metabolism. This testing may also be used for assessment of Variants of Uncertain Significance (VUS) identified during genetic testing (e.g. Next Generation Sequencing or Capillary Sequencing Testing). Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) serves as a cofactor for the hydroxylation of phenylalanine and in the biosynthesis of biogenic amines. Deficiency of BH4 may occur as a result of mutations causing a reduction in one of the three biosynthetic enzymes, guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase, 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase, sepiapterin reductase, or the two regenerating enzymes, pterin-4-carbinolamine dehydratase, and dihydropteridine reductase. Defects in BH4 metabolism can result in hyperphenylalaninemia and deficiency of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. Changes in CSF neopterin may also occur in deficiency of the BH4 synthesis pathway. Disorders of BH4 metabolism are characterized by a wide range of symptoms that may include developmental delay, mental disability, behavioral disturbances, dystonia, Parkinsonian symptoms, gait disturbances, speech delay, psychomotor retardation and ptosis.

Test Details

Analytic Time

10 - 14 days

Soft Order Code

NTHB

MiChart Code

Neopterin/Tetrahydrobiopterin (CSF)

Laboratory

Sendout

Laboratory Reference

Medical Neurogenetics (MNG) NC03

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Specimen Requirements

Normal Volume

4.5 mL CSF

Additional Information

Test sent to MNG Laboratories.

Billing Information

Fee Codes


CPT Code

82542

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