Test Overview
Test Methodology

The entire coding sequences (exons plus 20 bp upstream and 20 bp downstream of each coding exon) of the targeted genes are captured, sequenced using NGS, and aligned to the human reference genome. A minimum NGS coverage of 20X for all coding exons is achieved. Copy Number variation is assessed by coverage depth within the targeted regions compared to a normalized set of controls. Copy number variants within the targeted regions that are of potential clinical significance will also be reported. In addition to NGS, Sanger sequencing is used to amplify and sequence MLH1 and MSH2 promoter regions and PMS2 to avoid known pseudogene regions. All reported variants of potential clinical significance will be confirmed by a different technology or platform.

Test Usage

Targeted NGS MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis is used for the detection of germline pathogenic variants in patients at increased risk for hereditary colorectal cancer and cancers of the endometrium, stomach, ovary, small bowel, hepatobiliary tract, urinary tract, brain, and skin. Not all individuals with pathogenic MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2 variants will have hereditary colorectal cancer. Patients with such pathogenic variants face an estimated 52-82% for colorectal cancer; 25-60% for endometrial cancer in women; 6-13% for gastric cancer; and 4-12% for ovarian cancer. Other types of cancers have also been reported in individuals with pathogenic MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2 variants (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1211/).

Reference Range *

Interpretive report provided

Test Limitations

This assay will not detect intronic variants or copy number variants outside the region sequenced in the MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2 genes or variants in other genes associated with these diseases will not be identified.

Test Details
Days Set Up
Monday - Friday
Analytic Time

28 days

Soft Order Code
MiChart Code
MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2 SEQ and Del/Dup
MMGL Molecular Genetics
Specimen Requirements
Collection Instructions

Collect specimen in a lavender top tube. Send intact specimen within 24 hours if stored at room temperature or within 5 days if stored refrigerated. Include the patient's family history, pedigree, and ethnicity on the test requisition. Obtaining informed consent from the patient prior to genetic testing is strongly recommended. If desired, a UMHS Request and Consent for Genetic Testing form can be obtained from the MMGL Molecular Genetics Laboratory by contacting the MLabs Client Services Center at 800-862-7284 or online at https://mlabs.umich.edu/sites/default/files/2020-01/file/pci-mmgl_infor….

Normal Volume
5 - 10 mL EDTA whole blood
Minimum Volume
5 mL EDTA whole blood
Additional Information

Most insurance carriers require prior authorization for payment. MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 testing will not begin until insurance prior authorization is received by the MMGL Laboratory or it has been confirmed that prior authorization is not required. It is the obligation of the ordering health care provider to obtain prior authorization before testing can begin. To obtain BCN prior authorization call Joint Venture Hospital Laboratories (JVHL) at 800-445-4979; for all others insurances, contact the plan directly. By ordering this test the clinician acknowledges that informed consent has been obtained from the patient as required by applicable state or federal laws and the ordering clinician has authorization from the patient permitting MLabs to report the test results to the ordering clinician. Test includes medical geneticist interpretation of results billed as a separate additional charge. This test is not available without interpretation.

CPT Code
81292, 81294, 81295, 81297, 81298, 81300, 81317, 81319
Fee Code
DA143, DA144, DA145, DA146, DA147, DA148, DA149, DA150
Pro Fee CPT
NY State Approved