Days Set Up
Varies; test performed twice per week.
Analytic Time

8 hours

MiChart Code
HIV-1 RNA, Quantitative, PCR
Soft Order Code

Test Updated:


HIV Type 1 p24 Antigen Replacement Assay
HIV Viral Load, Ultrasensitive
Viral Load, HIV Type 1 RNA, Ultrasensitive
HIV Viral Load
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 RNA by PCR
Viral Load, HIV Type 1 RNA
HIV-1 Proviral DNA, Blood

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Find a Requisition

All specimens should be accompanied by a requisition.

Submitting Specimens

Learn about how to properly label and where to ship specimens.

Order Kits and Supplies

MLabs provides all the supplies necessary for the collection of specimens.

Test FAQ

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Test Overview

Test Methodology

Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification (RT-PCR)

Test Usage

The HIV Type 1 RNA PCR test is intended for use only in individuals with documented HIV-1 infection and is not to be used for the diagnosis of HIV-1 infection. Viral load may be useful adjunct to other laboratory tests for following the disease progression in patients with HIV. Monitoring of viral load may also be helpful in making or altering treatment regimens in HIV infected patients.

Reference Range

Not Detected. A result of "Not Detected" does not rule out the presence of HIV-1 RNA. A positive result indicates the presence of viral RNA, reported as the number of HIV-1 RNA copies/mL of plasma. The linear range of this assay is 40 -10,000,000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL (Log10: 1.6 - 7.0).

* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.

Specimen Requirements

Collection Offsite

Collect specimen in lavender top (EDTA) tube. Centrifuge for 20 minutes at 800 - 1600 x g at room temperature and aliquot plasma into a polypropylene plastic vial within 6 hours of collection. Refrigerate for up to 5 days or freeze for longer storage. Do not allow frozen specimens to thaw at any time during storage or transport due to possible degradation of RNA. Specimens submitted in polystyrene tubes are not acceptable. Specimens sent for Microbiology molecular testing require a dedicated sample and cannot be shared with other laboratories.

Lavender Top Tube
Normal Volume
2.5 mL plasma
Minimum Volume
1.2 mL plasma

Billing Information

CPT Code
Pro Fee Code

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Our High Standard

Quality that sets us apart

As the reference laboratory division of Michigan Medicine's Department of Pathology, MLabs shares the institution's commitment to applying established quality principles to clinical laboratory testing. Like other large organizations in complex, consequential fields, we rely on an established approach to monitor quality throughout the testing process.