Test Overview
Test Methodology


Reference Range *


* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.

Test Details
Days Set Up
Monday - Friday
Analytic Time

5 - 7 days

Soft Order Code
  • Monkey Scratch
  • Monkey Bite
  • Herpesvirus simiae
  • Herpes B Simian
Reference Laboratory
National B Virus Resource Center
Special Testing
Specimen Requirements
Collection Instructions

Collect specimen in a red top or SST tube. Centrifuge, aliquot serum into a plastic vial and refrigerate up to 1 week or freeze for longer storage. Acute and convalescent specimens are recommended; please label specimens appropriately. Convalescent specimen should be collected 2-3 weeks after injury.

Normal Volume
2 mL serum
Minimum Volume
1 mL serum
Storage Temperature
Additional Information

B Virus naturally occurs in macaque monkeys. While relatively benign in its natural host, the alphaherpesvirus can cause rapidly ascending encephalomyelitis with a fatality rate of approximately 80% if spread to humans (through bites, scratches, splashes, or needle-stick injuries). B virus directly affects the central nervous system of infected humans and nonhuman primates. Test performed by National B Virus Center, Atlanta, GA.