Test Overview

Test Methodology

Chemiluminescence Assay

Test Usage

Knowledge of ACTH levels in addition to serum cortisol and urinary free cortisol is useful in the differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome, ectopic ACTH syndrome (e.g., carcinoma of lung, islet cell tumors, carcinoid tumors, medullary carcinoma of thyroid), Addison's disease by hypopituitarism and ACTH-producing pituitary tumors (e.g., Nelson's syndrome).

Reference Range*

5 - 52 pg/mL

* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.

Test Limitations

The ACTH level may be elevated by stress, and is subject to diurnal variation. In normal individuals with a daytime pattern of activities, ACTH levels reach a peak between 6:00AM - 8:00AM. Glucocorticoid therapy will depress ACTH.

ACTH measurement is not recommended for patients who have been administered cosyntropin (ACTH (1-24)) because the results may be falsely elevated or depressed.

Test Details

Days Test Performed

Tuesday, Friday

Analytic Time

8 hours

Soft Order Code

ACTH

MiChart Code

ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)

Synonyms

Synonyms

ACTH
Adrenal Corticotropin
Corticotropin
Plasma ACTH
ACTHR
ACTH, Right IPS
ACTHL
ACTH, Left IPS
ACTHP
ACTH, Peripheral

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Laboratory

Chemical Pathology

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Specimen Requirements

Offsite Collection Instructions

Collect specimen in a chilled lavender top tube. Deliver to laboratory on ice within in 30 minutes or centrifuge immediately, aliquot plasma into plastic vial, freeze within 1 hour of collection, and transport frozen on dry ice.

Special Handing

Collect in prechilled tube and place on ice immediately. Must arrive in lab or aliquot and freeze within 30 minutes.

Normal Volume

1 mL plasma

Minimum Volume

0.5 mL plasma

Additional Information

ACTH is unstable in blood. Improper processing or storage may result in erroneously low levels of ACTH. ACTH levels in pituitary dependent Cushing's disease may be elevated or high normal (inappropriately elevated for the time of the day). ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH syndrome are usually quite high, whereas in Cushing's syndrome due to adrenal adenoma or carcinoma ACTH levels are very low to undetectable. Pituitary dependent Cushing's disease (i.e., pituitary ACTH hypersecretion) usually demonstrates reduced or lack of ACTH suppression by low-dose dexamethasone (2 mg q 6 hours for 24 hours) and reduced or normal suppression of ACTH by high dose dexamethasone (8 mg q 6 hours for 24 hours). Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic ACTH production is not usually suppressed by either low- or high-dose dexamethasone. Hypopituitarism with ACTH deficiency does not respond to provocative testing (e.g. hypoglycemia or metyrapone administration) with the expected increase in plasma ACTH concentration. In primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease) and in Nelson's syndrome, plasma concentrations of ACTH are consistently elevated. For sequential follow-up, plasma ACTH samples should always be drawn at the same time each day, most preferably at 8:00am.

Billing Information

Fee Codes


CPT Code

82024

LOINC

2141-0

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