2 - 5 days
VZV DNA by PCR
VZV DNA qPCR
Varicella zoster Quantitative PCR
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
VZV reactivation is commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals. These patients are more likely to have disseminated disease with extensive skin lesions, pneumonia, hepatitis, or encephalitis. Proper management is dependent upon early diagnosis; quantitative DNA PCR is a rapid and sensitive tool useful for detecting the virus, tracking the course of the infection, and monitoring response to treatment.
* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.
CSF: Send specimen frozen in a sterile tube (2 mL). The following specimen types are also acceptable: Bronchial Lavage (BAL) (2 mL in sterile tube, room temperature) and Tissue (moistened with saline, in sterile cup, freeze).