Test Overview

Test Methodology

Agglutination of sensitized sheep cells

Test Usage

Aid in the diagnosis of current or previous group A streptococcal infections. Screening for antibodies to streptococcal antigens NADase, DNAase, streptokinase (ASK), streptolysin O (ASO) and hyaluronidase (AH): Positive test titered to 1:800; endpoint beyond 1:800 reported as > 1:800.

Reference Range*

< 1:100

* Reference ranges may change over time. Please refer to the original patient report when evaluating results.

Test Limitations

The value of a single determination is limited. Sequential determinations may give the trend in antibody production and allow clinical conclusions with regard to the progress of the disease and treatment. False negatives may be found in patients with decreased immune response. Since there is a 30% false negative Streptozyme incidence in sera which have only a slight elevation of a single antibody titer, the Streptozyme test could miss a borderline streptococcal antibody titer. Test Sensitivity: < 1:100.

Test Details

Days Test Performed

Monday - Friday

Analytic Time

8 hours

Soft Order Code

STREP

MiChart Code

Streptomycin Level

Synonyms

Synonyms

STREPTOZYME SCREEN
ADNAase
AH
AH (Anti-Hyaluronidase)
ANADase
ASK
ASK (Anti-Streptokinase)
ASO (Anti-Streptolysin O)
DNAase Antibodies
Hyaluronidase Antibodies
NADase Antibodies
Strep-O
Streptococcal Antibodies
Streptokinase Antibodies
Streptolysin O Antibody
Streptozyme Screen
STREP

+ See More

Laboratory

Chemical Pathology

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Specimen Requirements

Offsite Collection Instructions

Collect specimen in SST tube. Centrifuge, aliquot serum into a plastic vial and freeze at -20C

Container

Yellow Top Tube

Normal Volume

0.5 mL serum

Minimum Volume

0.3 mL serum

Additional Information

Antibodies to streptococcal A exoenzymes may develop in rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, bacterial endocarditis, scarlet fever, and other related conditions. The most conclusive data is an increase in titer on successive specimens taken several days apart. Antibodies increase 1-3 weeks after onset and decrease 8-10 weeks after uncomplicated infection. Approximately 80% of Streptozyme positive sera have an ASO of 166 IU or above while an additional 10% showed an ASK or AH also above 166 IU. The remaining 10% agglutination may be due to antibodies to other streptococcal exoenzymes or to the combined effect of several antibodies which individually would fall below 166 IU. The accuracy of the test in patients with streptococcals infection is 95% and correlates well in patients with streptococcal pyoderma and poststreptococcal kidney involvement.

Billing Information

Fee Codes


CPT Code

86060

LOINC

Z218-8

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