Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Detection or quantitation of Parvovirus B19. Used for monitoring of viral load to track the course of infection and response to treatment.
2 - 5 days
Blood: Collect specimen in a lavender top (EDTA) tube. Send intact specimen at room temperature (4 - 5 mL). CSF: Send specimen frozen in a sterile tube (2 mL). The following specimen types are also acceptable: Bronchial Lavage (BAL) (2 mL in sterile tube, freeze), Bone Marrow (2 mL in EDTA, room temperature), and Tissue (moistened with saline, in sterile cup, freeze).
In immunocompromised patients Parvovirus B19 manifests itself as acute or chronic hematological disorders. It can cause persistent anemia, sometimes associated with leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Pediatric transplant patients are at risk for chronic Parvovirus B19 infections which can be associated with lung and/or renal disorders. Test sent to Viracor Eurofins.